The 24 January crash had already destroyed one machine.  According to the Generalquartiermeister der Luftwaffe, 59 Stukas had been destroyed and 33 damaged to varying degrees in six weeks of operations. The Ju 87 operated with considerable success in close air support and anti-shipping at the outbreak of World War II. , The Ju 87 was capable of carrying a 500 kg (1,100 lb) bomb, but only if not carrying the rear gunner/radio operator as, even with the Jumo 210D, the Ju 87 was still underpowered for operations with more than a 250 kg (550 lb) bomb load.  On 12 May, the V11 also flew for the first time. , A Ju 87 achieved the first air victory during World War II on the morning of 1 September 1939, when Rottenführer Leutnant Frank Neubert of I./StG 2 "Immelmann" shot down a Polish PZL P.11c fighter while it was taking off from Balice airfield; its pilot, Captain Mieczysław Medwecki, was killed. It had a Junkers Jumo 210C Engine and its top speed was around 410.3km/h. The Junkers Ju 87 was a German dive bomber that was used in World War II, primarily used for precision bombing. The change in designations due to conversions was not readily apparent, for with wing changes, the serial number and designation was applied to the fuselage by the manufacture which remained unaltered by wing changes. In some cases the Stukas responded in 10–20 minutes. The flight model is identical to the G-1 with similar values to the Ju 87 D series. More than 6,000 Stuka bombers were built in five variants designated A thru G, between 1936 and Aug 1944. Should this shut down, it could be pumped manually using a hand-pump on the fuel cock armature. The Junkers production capacity was fully occupied and licensing to other production facilities became necessary. The Jumo 211D in-line engine was installed, replacing the R-1s Jumo 211A. Oberstleutnant Hans Seidemann (Richthofen's Chief of Staff) said that "never again was such a smoothly functioning system for discussing and planning joint operations achieved.  During the Battle of Radom six Polish divisions trapped by encircling German forces were forced to surrender after a relentless four-day bombardment by StG 51, 76 and 77. By 1 September 1939, 360 Ju 87 As and Bs had been built by the Junkers factories at Dessau and Weserflug factory in Lemwerder near Bremen. The B-2 also had an oil hydraulic system for closing the cowling flaps.  When resistance was organised, the Ju 87s could be vulnerable. The aircraft was given a good evaluation and "exhibited very good flying characteristics". The G-2 was similar to the G-1 except for use of the extended wing of the D-5.  StG 77 finished the campaign as the most effective dive bomber wing. During the Battle of Britain, its lack of manoeuvrability, speed and defensive armament meant that it required a heavy fighter escort to operate effectively. The variant was also designed to carry a 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) free-fall bomb load.  By 31 January 1945, only 104 Ju 87s remained operational with their units. The Ju 87 could take off in 250 m (820 ft) and climb to 1,875 m (6,152 ft) in eight minutes with a 250 kg (550 lb) bomb load, and its cruising speed was 250 km/h (160 mph). Once the Luftwaffe lost air superiority, the Stuka became an easy target for enemy fighter aircraft. This was not achievable due to the insufficient production capacity in the Reich. The Ju 87's effectiveness against Soviet armour was not yet potent. The Stukas inflicted severe damage on Allied shipping. , The dive bombers continued operations in southern Europe; after the Italian surrender in September 1943, the Ju 87 participated in the last campaign-sized victory over the Western Allies, the Dodecanese Campaign. Production would be carried out by the Weserflug company after April 1938, but Junkers continued producing Ju 87 up until March 1940.. The wings have the hard-points for Bordkanone BK 3,7 gun-pods, but these are not fitted. The British gunboat Cricket and supply submarine Cachalot became victims. The Stukas also crippled the battleship Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya and the destroyers Silnyy and Grozyashchiy in exchange for two Ju 87s shot down. It was discovered that the highest load a pilot could endure was 8.5 g for three seconds, when the aircraft was pushed to its limit by the centrifugal forces. 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