The Apache and the Comanche also inhabited Eastern and Southeastern parts of the state. See the Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment’s COVID-19 page for updated information about Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Colorado. The Colorado Mineral Belt, stretching from the San Juan Mountains in the southwest to Boulder and Central City on the front range, contains most of the historic gold- and silver-mining districts of Colorado. , A number of film productions have shot on location in Colorado, especially prominent Westerns like True Grit, The Searchers, and Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. In 2006 voters passed Amendment 43, which purported to ban gay marriage in Colorado. The Colorado Department of Agriculture's Industrial Hemp Program regulates only the cultivation of industrial hemp. While many gold seekers held sympathies for the Confederacy, the vast majority remained fiercely loyal to the Union cause. Get help finding answers to your State Agency online services questions at the bottom right-hand corner of this homepage. The United States Census Bureau estimated that the population of Colorado exceeded five million in 2009. The agency manages 42 state parks, all of Colorado's wildlife, more than 300 state wildlife areas and a host of recreational programs. The Lindenmeier Site in Larimer County contains artifacts dating from approximately 11200 BC to 3000 BC.  On the plains, the winter lows usually range from 25 to −10 °F (−4 to −23 °C). The highest population of Asian Americans can be found on the south and southeast side of Denver, as well as some on Denver's southwest side. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Colorado. It receives 65.5%. Over the past 30 years, digitalization of these records has become more standard, and are becoming more available through both government and third party websites. Request a …  Colorado regulates hemp as any part of the plant with less than 0.3% THC. In 2012, voters amended the state constitution protecting "personal use" of marijuana for adults, establishing a framework to regulate cannabis in a manner similar to alcohol. Most valleys have a semi-arid climate not unlike the eastern plains, which transitions to an alpine climate at the highest elevations. Also prominent in or near the southern portion of the Western Slope are the Grand Mesa, which lies to the southeast of Grand Junction; the high San Juan Mountains, a rugged mountain range; and to the west of the San Juan Mountains, the Colorado Plateau, a high arid region that borders Southern Utah. The eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains was a major migration route that was important to the spread of early peoples throughout the Americas. Colorado is the least populous state with a franchise in each of the major professional sports leagues. Locations merely a few miles apart can experience entirely different weather depending on the topography.  There is one Native Coloradan language still spoken in Colorado, Colorado River Numic (Ute). The summit of Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet (4,401.2 m) elevation in Lake County is the highest point in Colorado and the Rocky Mountains of North America. , The Plains are also susceptible to occasional floods and particularly severe flash floods, which are caused both by thunderstorms and by the rapid melting of snow in the mountains during warm weather.  Colorado's grape growing regions contain the highest elevation vineyards in the United States, with most viticulture in the state practiced between 4,000 and 7,000 feet (1,219 and 2,134 m) above sea level. The Child Support Services Program oversees child support in Colorado. In Colorado, this is managed by county motor vehicle offices. Within the interior of the Rocky Mountains are several large parks which are high broad basins. The Spanish Empire claimed Colorado as part of its New Mexico province prior to U.S. involvement in the region. , The state of Colorado currently has 271 active incorporated municipalities, including 196 towns, 73 cities, and two consolidated city and county governments.. The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado ("Red River") for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains. The Cherry Hills Country Club has hosted several professional golf tournaments, including the U.S. Open, U.S. Senior Open, U.S. Women's Open, PGA Championship and BMW Championship. On April 9, 1851, Mexican American settlers from the area of Taos settled the village of San Luis, then in the New Mexico Territory, later to become Colorado's first permanent Euro-American settlement. Now Live: Colorado.gov Chatbot . The seven-member Colorado Supreme Court is the state's highest court, with seven justices. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Even if you missed the deadline for private health insurance, you may still be able to get covered. In 2007, non-Hispanic whites were involved in 59.1% of all the births. However, an increasing number of wineries are located along the Front Range. , The most populous of the 14 Core Based Statistical Areas in Colorado is the Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Colorado uranium industry has seen booms and busts, but continues to this day. A little less than half of Colorado is flat and rolling land. Nine Colorado counties have a population in excess of 250,000 each, while eight Colorado counties have a population of less than 2,500 each. It is a 0.1% retail sales and use tax (one penny on every $10). Colonel Chivington ordered his men to attack a band of Cheyenne and Arapaho encamped along Sand Creek. The state has sizable numbers of Asian-Americans of Mongolian, Chinese, Filipino, Korean, Southeast Asian, and Japanese descent. Help Colorado Now – Volunteer, donate, contribute, apply for funding. The Regional Transportation District (RTD) operates the popular RTD Bus & Rail transit system in the Denver Metropolitan Area. Conventional and unconventional natural gas output from several Colorado basins typically account for more than five percent of annual U.S. natural gas production. According to the 2010 United States Census, Colorado had a population of 5,029,196. A hastily organized force of Colorado volunteers force-marched from Denver City, Colorado Territory, to Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory, in an attempt to block the Texans. Precipitation averages 15 to 25 inches (380 to 640 mm) annually.. Many counties and cities charge their own rates, in addition to the base state rate. An 11-member board of directors oversees the distributions in accordance with the Colorado Revised Statutes. The election of Abraham Lincoln for the President of the United States on November 6, 1860, led to the secession of nine southern slave states and the threat of civil war among the states. There are also a number of established film festivals in Colorado, including Aspen Shortsfest, Boulder International Film Festival, Castle Rock Film Festival, Denver Film Festival, Festivus Film Festival (ended in 2013), Mile High Horror Film Festival, Moondance International Film Festival, Mountainfilm in Telluride, Rocky Mountain Women's Film Festival, and Telluride Film Festival. Two of these counties, the City and County of Denver and the City and County of Broomfield, have consolidated city and county governments. The most popular college sports program is the University of Colorado Buffaloes, who used to play in the Big-12 but now play in the Pac-12. Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics | Pew Research Center", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", https://stateofchildhoodobesity.org/adult-obesity/, "Fattest States 2010: CalorieLab's Annual Obesity Map—State Obesity Rankings | CalorieLab—Health News & Information Blog", "Inequalities in Life Expectancy Among US Counties, 1980 to 2014", "Scenic Memorabilia: Colorado's Film Locations", "America's Foodiest Town 2010: Boulder, Colorado: In the Magazine", "Master Class: The Coloradans who've passed the Master Sommelier test that 97 percent fail", "As Skiers Depart Aspen, Chowhounds Take Their Place", "The Jefferson Cup Invitational Wine Competition", "Wine Industry Feature Articles—Is Colorado the New Washington? Adults 21 years old and older: $30.87. In 1854, Senator Stephen A. Douglas persuaded the U.S. Congress to divide the unorganized territory east of the Continental Divide into two new organized territories, the Territory of Kansas and the Territory of Nebraska, and an unorganized southern region known as the Indian territory.  While governor, John Hickenlooper allocated about half of the state's $13 million "Medical Marijuana Program Cash Fund" to medical research in the 2014 budget. The federal government of the U.S. flatly refused to recognize the new Mormon government, because it was theocratic and sanctioned plural marriage. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Board held its meeting via a Zoom webinar. Find things to do on the state of Colorado’s official travel site.  Median Annual Household Income in 2016 was $70,666, 8th in the nation. However, it became a competitive swing state in the 1990s. Just west of the plains and into the foothills, there are a wide variety of climate types. Most villages and towns in this region boast both a water tower and a grain elevator. A number of historic military forts, railways with trains still operating, mining ghost towns have been utilized and transformed for historical accuracy in well known films. J. N. Macomb, Corps of topographical engineers, Volume 1. It is less populous than the Front Range but includes a large number of national parks and monuments. , Since extirpation by trapping and poisoning of the gray wolf (Canis lupus) from Colorado in the 1930s, a wolf pack recolonized Moffat County, Colorado in northwestern Colorado in 2019.. , Colorado has recorded 525 earthquakes since 1973, a majority of which range 2 to 3.5 on the Richter scale.. Instead, the Compromise of 1850 divided the Mexican Cession and the northwestern claims of Texas into a new state and two new territories, the state of California, the Territory of New Mexico, and the Territory of Utah. I-70 is the primary east–west corridor. Across the Sangre de Cristo Range to the east of the San Luis Valley lies the Wet Mountain Valley. Visit a Motor Vehicle Office Near You Vehicle Registration Information Tier I includes regional organizations: the Denver Art Museum, the Denver Botanic Gardens, the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, the Denver Zoo, and the Denver Center for the Performing Arts. The Rio Grande drains due south into New Mexico, Mexico, and Texas. Fees to Renew Your Colorado Driver's License. Heavy usage of these wells for irrigation purposes caused underground water reserves to decline in the region. The area is known for its abundant sunshine and cool, clear nights, which give this area a great average diurnal temperature range. The total state product in 2015 was $318,600 million.  These mountains are largely covered with trees such as conifers and aspens up to the tree line, at an elevation of about 12,000 feet (3,658 m) in southern Colorado to about 10,500 feet (3,200 m) in northern Colorado. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. Colorado's marijuana industry sold $1.31 billion worth of marijuana in 2016 and $1.26 billion in the first three-quarters of 2017. Please note that we are not a state agency, State Employee Directory Otherwise, winters tend to be mostly dry and cold.. Persons reporting German ancestry are especially numerous in the Front Range, the Rockies (west-central counties), and Eastern parts/High Plains. These districts may provide schools, law enforcement, fire protection, water, sewage, drainage, irrigation, transportation, recreation, infrastructure, cultural facilities, business support, redevelopment, or other services. Mountains and surrounding valleys greatly affect local climate. Some Colorado landmarks have been featured in films, such as The Stanley Hotel in Dumb and Dumber and The Shining and the Sculptured House in Sleeper. The Confederacy made no further attempts to seize the Southwestern United States. Three warships of the U.S. Navy have been named the USS Colorado. The state also has a water court, which sits in seven distinct divisions around the state and which decides matters relating to water rights and the use and administration of water. Spanish is the second-most spoken language in Colorado, after English. About 75% of the precipitation falls within the growing season, from April to September, but this area is very prone to droughts. Grand Junction is located along Interstate 70, the only major highway in Western Colorado. Northeast, east, and southeast Colorado are mostly the high plains, while Northern Colorado is a mix of high plains, foothills, and mountains. When state revenues exceed state constitutional limits, according to Colorado's Taxpayer Bill of Rights legislation, full-year Colorado residents can claim a sales tax refund on their individual state income tax return. , Colorado is notable for its diverse geography, which includes alpine mountains, high plains, deserts with huge sand dunes, and deep canyons. State Government State Agencies State Government Official Name: Colorado.  The Ute Nation inhabited the mountain valleys of the Southern Rocky Mountains and the Western Rocky Mountains, even as far east as the Front Range of present day. As of January 2013[update] the RTD rail system had 170 light-rail vehicles, serving 47 miles (76 km) of track. Colorado State Website. Above this tree line only alpine vegetation grows.  Colorado is the only U.S. state that lies entirely above 1,000 meters elevation. In southmost Colorado is the large San Luis Valley, where the headwaters of the Rio Grande are located.  In 1776, Spanish priest Silvestre Vélez de Escalante recorded that Native Americans in the area knew the river as el Rio Colorado for the red-brown silt that the river carried from the mountains. The point where the Arikaree River flows out of Yuma County, Colorado, and into Cheyenne County, Kansas, is the lowest point in Colorado at 3,317 feet (1,011 m) elevation. The first recreational marijuana shops in Colorado, and by extension the United States, opened their doors on January 1, 2014. Celestial Seasonings herbal teas have been made in Boulder since 1969. For the river, see, Map of the United States with Colorado highlighted, Significant Initiatives and Legislation Enacted in Colorado, Report of the exploring expedition from Santa Fé, New Mexico, to the junction of the Grand and Green Rivers of the great Colorado of the West, in 1859: under the command of Capt. By 2019, Hispanics made up 22% of Colorado's population, and Non-Hispanic Whites made up 70%. State of Colorado P olis Governor State PersonnelBoard 1525 ShermanStreet4th Floor Denver, Colorado 80203 Phone (303) 866-3300 Fax (303) 866-5038 MEETING MINUTES November 17, 2020 The State Personnel Board met on November 17, 2020. Notable peaks of the Rocky Mountains include Longs Peak, Mount Evans, Pikes Peak, and the Spanish Peaks near Walsenburg, in southern Colorado. , According to several studies, Coloradans have the lowest rates of obesity of any state in the US. Major religious affiliations of the people of Colorado are 64% Christian, of whom there are 44% Protestant, 16% Roman Catholic, 3% Mormon, and 1% Eastern Orthodox. Per the 2000 census, the Hispanic population is estimated to be 918,899 or approximately 20% of the state total population. Since the mid-2000s, it has swung heavily to the Democrats, voting for Barack Obama in 2008 and 2012, Hillary Clinton in 2016 and Joe Biden in 2020. , In August 2014, Colorado began to issue driver licenses to aliens not lawfully in the United States who lived in Colorado. Colorado has the 5th-largest population of Mexican-Americans, behind California, Texas, Arizona, and Illinois.  In 1927, the Columbine Mine massacre resulted in six dead strikers following a confrontation with Colorado Rangers. However, some of the mountainous regions of Colorado receive a huge amount of moisture from winter snowfalls. Call 2-11 or (866) 760-6489 Text your ZIP CODE to 898-211  Significant, contributing factors to the decline in pregnancies were the Title X Family Planning Program and an Intrauterine device grant from Warren Buffett's family.. Thirty days later on February 28, 1861, outgoing U.S. President James Buchanan signed an Act of Congress organizing the free Territory of Colorado.  Portions of the eastern Plains see especially frequent tornadoes, both those spawned from mesocyclones in supercell thunderstorms and from less intense landspouts, such as within the Denver convergence vorticity zone (DCVZ). The Governor of Colorado heads the state's executive branch. April and May are normally the rainiest months, while April is the wettest month overall. In much of the region, March is the snowiest month. After 11 years of war, Spain finally recognized the independence of Mexico with the Treaty of Córdoba signed on August 24, 1821. Legal. Uranium mining in Colorado goes back to 1872, when pitchblende ore was taken from gold mines near Central City, Colorado. The repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act in 1893 led to a staggering collapse of the mining and agricultural economy of Colorado, but the state slowly and steadily recovered. The U.S. acquired a territorial claim to the eastern Rocky Mountains with the Louisiana Purchase from France in 1803. Colorado is bordered by Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and touches Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners. The state rarely experiences a time when some portion is not in some degree of drought. On the November 8, 1932 ballot, Colorado approved the repeal of alcohol prohibition more than a year before the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified. That initiative was approved by the state's voters on Nov. 7, 1893..  The Texans were forced to retreat to Santa Fe. This U.S. claim conflicted with the claim by Spain to the upper Arkansas River Basin as the exclusive trading zone of its colony of Santa Fé de Nuevo México.  Colorado is a comparatively wealthy state, ranking 8th in household income in 2016, and 11th in per capita income in 2010. The state is home to a network of US and Colorado highways that provide access to all principal areas of the state. , Colorado is open to cannabis (marijuana) tourism. Corn grown in the flat eastern part of the state offers potential resources for ethanol production. The Colorado River flows through Glenwood Canyon, and then through an arid valley made up of desert from Rifle to Parachute, through the desert canyon of De Beque Canyon, and into the arid desert of Grand Valley, where the city of Grand Junction is located. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Colorado: State & National Resources. Other notable fires include the Fourmile Canyon Fire of 2010, the Waldo Canyon Fire and High Park Fire of June 2012, and the Black Forest Fire of June 2013. Joint Stakeholder Meeting - June 19, 2020. state. The Front Range urban corridor, where most of the population of Colorado resides, lies in a pronounced precipitation shadow as a result of being on the lee side of the Rocky Mountains. On April 12, 1861, South Carolina artillery opened fire on Fort Sumter to start the American Civil War. Residents of the state are known as Coloradans, although the antiquated term "Coloradoan" is occasionally used. Here, the Green River briefly crosses over into Colorado. For technical support on online services Stay at home Colorado guide. In the midst and aftermath of Civil War, many discouraged prospectors returned to their homes, but a few stayed and developed mines, mills, farms, ranches, roads, and towns in Colorado Territory. Search results contain all keywords. The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has defined one combined statistical area (CSA), seven Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), and seven Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs) in the state of Colorado. , Colorado wines include award-winning varietals that have attracted favorable notice from outside the state. 10-02: Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses", "Total Registered Voters By Party Affiliation and Status As of Fri Apr 01 2016 03:07:45 GMT-0600 (MDT)", "Colorado only state ever to turn down Olympics", "Colorado Amendment 43: Gay marriage banned; domestic partnerships also defeated", "Protect Colorado Residents From Federal Government Overreach | Colorado General Assembly", http://www.denverpost.com/business/ci_29225304/marijuana-has-huge-influence-colorado-tourism-state-survey, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of searchable databases produced by Colorado state agencies, USGS Colorado state facts, real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Colorado, 2000 Census of Population and Housing for Colorado, Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection (CHNC), Mountain and Desert Plants of Colorado and the Southwest, Holocene Volcano in Colorado (Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program), Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, 66 Areas of Critical Environmental Concern, Yanks Gulch/Upper Greasewood Creek Natural Area, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colorado&oldid=995445638, States and territories established in 1876, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2016, Wikipedia external links cleanup from April 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (I) No more than 2 ounces (57 g) of a usable form of marijuana; and. Statutes state that the county attorney shall be appointed. Local Government Directory. , In 2011, 46% of Colorado's population younger than the age of one were minorities, meaning that they had at least one parent who was not non-Hispanic white.. Governor Legislature Attorney General Colorado Courthouse Security Secretary of State Colorado District Attorneys’ Council Pay fines, fees, and restitution online.  On August 1, 1876 (four weeks after the Centennial of the United States), U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed a proclamation admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state and earning it the moniker "Centennial State".  Substantial deposits of bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite coal are found in the state. Hot weather is common during summers in Denver. Example: "Motor Vehicle" will only present results for "Motor Vehicle" not "Motor" or "Vehicle". , The most populous extended metropolitan region in Rocky Mountain Region is the Front Range Urban Corridor along the northeast face of the Southern Rocky Mountains. ALERT | 21.21.2020 | 8:00 a.m. The Ute people were removed from the San Juans the following year. With increasing temperatures and decreasing water availability, Colorado's agriculture, forestry and tourism economies are expected to be heavily affected by climate change. Now their funding is at risk", "IUD program leads to big decline in teen pregnancies, abortions in Colorado", "Mississippi and Alabama Most Protestant States in U.S", "Religion in America: U.S. Most American settlers traveling overland west to the Oregon Country, the new goldfields of California, or the new Mormon settlements of the State of Deseret in the Salt Lake Valley, avoided the rugged Southern Rocky Mountains, and instead followed the North Platte River and Sweetwater River to South Pass (Wyoming), the lowest crossing of the Continental Divide between the Southern Rocky Mountains and the Central Rocky Mountains. Colorado is a state in the western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. Grand Junction is also along the major railroad of the Western Slope, the Union Pacific. The estimated population of Colorado is 5,758,736 as of 2019, an increase of 14.5% since the 2010 United States Census.. Chivington reported that his troops killed more than 500 warriors. Corn, wheat, hay, soybeans, and oats are all typical crops. Extensive public transportation bus services are offered both intra-city and inter-city—including the Denver metro area's extensive RTD services.  Colorado's state sales tax is 2.9% on retail sales. The Department also administers a certified seed program. The region that is today the state of Colorado has been inhabited by Native Americans for more than 13,000 years. section 12-6-302, the sale of motor vehicles on Sunday since at least 1953. Denver had been chosen by the International Olympic Committee as host city on May 12, 1970.. In 1861, the United States Congress defined the boundaries of the new Territory of Colorado exclusively by lines of latitude and longitude, stretching from 37°N to 41°N latitude, and from 102°02′48″W to 109°02′48″W longitude (25°W to 32°W from the Washington Meridian). The new record of 24 consecutive days surpassed the previous record by almost a week.. This region is partially protected from prevailing storms that blow in from the Pacific Ocean region by the high Rockies in the middle of Colorado. On November 7, 2000, 54% of Colorado voters passed Amendment 20, which amends the Colorado State constitution to allow the medical use of marijuana. , In 1972 Colorado voters rejected a referendum proposal to fund the 1976 Winter Olympics, which had been scheduled to be held in the state. Hugh Davis Graham and Ted Robert Gurr, 1969. Colorado's freight railroad network consists of 2,688 miles of Class I trackage. , Colorado is home to many nationally praised microbreweries, including New Belgium Brewing Company, Odell Brewing Company, Great Divide Brewing Company, and Bristol Brewing Company. Phone: 303-866-3300 Tier III organizations apply for funding to the county cultural councils via a grant process. The Denver metropolitan area is considered more liberal and diverse than much of the state when it comes to political issues and environmental concerns. The gold seekers organized the Provisional Government of the Territory of Jefferson on August 24, 1859, but this new territory failed to secure approval from the Congress of the United States embroiled in the debate over slavery. Colorado ’ s Official travel Site notable examples include the 1965 Denver Flood, [ 35 the..., apply for funding to the east of the Rocky Mountains are several large parks which high. 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