Moreover, muscle damage induced by diabetic neuropathies  are worsened by the lack of exercise, which works wonders in strengthening weaker muscles. But it is not impossible to build an epic physique and get ridiculously strong as a diabetic. Diabetic patient tend to have lower potassium, magnesium and sodium levels due to the large doses of insulin and other fluids administered in their bodies to treat diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in your legs and feet.Depending on the affected nerves, symptoms of diabetic neuropathy can range from pain and numbness in your legs and feet to problems with your digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels and heart. Diabetes mellitus can also damage the nerves that supply the hands and feet. In diabetes, calf or leg pain can be due to diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), to peripheral artery disease (PAD) or to deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Even if you are experiencing diabetic leg pain, exercise has been shown to relieve some of the most disturbing symptoms (e.g., pain, numbness, difficulty with movement). Diabetic peripheral neuropathy—DPN for short—is diabetes-related damage to nerves that sit near the surface of your skin. Muscular damage can also be caused by mutations in the genes that are responsible for expressing proteins like collagen and elastic fibers that are essential for maintaining the integrity of the muscular tissue and for imparting strength to muscles. The pain associated with tears and tendinopathy is often progressive—and tendinopathy, especially if not treated, can lead to tendon rupture. However, when diabetic patients develop a resistance to insulin or completely lack insulin in their bodies, this conversion is hindered, thus leading to the accumulation of excess sugar in and around the muscles. Drugs used to treat Muscle Pain. This condition can be a direct result of long-term high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) in those who have diabetes. Introduction Connective Tissue Disorders Tests Your Doctor May Carry Out Myopathy Cheiroarthropathy Frozen Shoulder Trigger Finger Dupuytren’s Contracture Carpel Tunnel Stiff Man’s Syndrome [SMS] Also Known as Stiff Person’s Syndome Diffuse idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis [DISH] Back to Related Health Issues. A regular dose is unlikely to affect your blood sugar levels, but a higher-than-usual dose may lower your blood sugar level. Diabetic Leg Pain. Effect of plc on functional parameters and oxidative profile in type 2 diabetes associated pad. Over time, uncontrolled diabetes can affect the muscles and skeleton, leading to joint pain, nerve damage, and other symptoms. The pain tends to be chronic pain (lasting for 6 months or more) Usually resides in arms, hands, legs and feet; Affects diabetic, chemotherapy and orthopedic patients; Muscle Pain. They tend to walk with a limp so as to avoid putting their weight on the painful muscles, thus leading to an awkward gait in diabetic patients. Dr. Gurmukh Singh Dr. Singh Consult doctor: 1. Pain has been shown to interfere with self-management activities, sleep , physical functioning, work, family relationships, mood, and quality of life. Diabetes can lead to a variety of complications. Joint pain is a part of getting older and can have a number of causes. The differential diagnosis includes focal or systemic myositis, localised abscess, haematoma, deep venous thrombosis, osteomyelitis, and a muscle tumour (sarcoma or lymphoma). The … Tender, throbbing, stiffness sensation; Pain in muscles and joints; Often caused by injury or inflammation; The pain is generally short-term pain The objective of this study was to correlate clinical and laboratory measures of diabetes disease severity to the presence of back pain to provide insight into the relationship between these conditions. In the simplest terms, exercise appears to prevent pain-inducing triggers from occurring and increase positive nerve signaling when it comes to movement. The aim of the study was to determine the progression of muscle weakness in long-term diabetes and its relation to the neuropathic condition. 2. However, the relationship between markers of diabetes progression and back pain has not been studied. High blood sugar (glucose) can injure nerves throughout your body. “Muscle strain is due to injury to the muscles (sprain/strain). When injured, muscles are capable of repairing themselves, provided that the blood carries the essential nutrients required for promoting growth and repair of the muscular tissue. One of these potential complications is joint and muscle problems. Muscle pain associated with diabetes. First: Search Sign Up Login About. Diabetic neuropathy can also manifest itself as numbness in the feet and lower leg. Most importantly, it acts as a co-enzyme for many metabolic pathways involved in catabolizing and mobilizing glucose in the body to be utilized as the main source of energy. About the Author: ADW Diabetes But that ache in your foot or arm could also be a problem with a nerve caused … Patients with diabetes mellitus can develop contracture of digits and limbs as a result of soft tissue thickening in these areas. PAD Causes Pain. This is referred to as atrophy. Terms of Use. With its incidence rate increasing day by day, diabetes has become the leading  cause of progressive wasting and weakening of the muscles, making it excruciatingly painful for diabetic patients to carry out their daily activities. Many people with diabetes also have arthritis, fibromyalgia (an arthritis-related illness that causes widespread muscle and joint pain and fatigue), or other painful conditions. Unfortunately, people with type 2 diabetes are more likely to suffer with muscle cramps compared to other demographics. It affects the thighs, hips, buttocks and legs, causing pain and muscle wasting. What would a hormone and blood sugar-related condition have to do with joint health? Some musculoskeletal problems are unique to diabetes. For reasons that aren’t entirely clear, diabetes can affect the musculoskeletal system, which includes the tendons, ligaments, and joints, as well as bones and muscles. Make sure to test your blood sugar before, during, and after your walk to see how your body reacts. Frequent leg pain can signal worsening diabetic neuropathy. These changes can cause numerous conditions that may affect your fingers, hands, wrists, shoulders, neck, spine, or feet. Persons with longstanding diabetes mellitus can develop pain, and muscle twitching, in addition to muscle wasting of the muscles around the shoulders and hips (limb girdle wasting). They are most often an outcome of diabetic neuropathies that lead to a reduction in the strength of muscles, located along the back of the ankle and the lower leg. Thirty patients were recruited from a cohort of 92 diabetic patients who participated in a study on muscular function 6–8 years earlier. Open sores (ulcers) that do not heal or are difficult to heal. Linked to Diabetes Blood sugar imbalance eventually leads to prediabetes and diabetes, a condition where the body cannot regulate insulin well enough to metabolize carbohydrates and sugar. Active Member. However, the causes of diabetic muscle pain have been clearly outlined, all of which lead to the inflammation and damage of the muscular tissues. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body regulate blood sugar (glucose) levels. Having your life run by this number on a machine can be like some new age blood glucose dictatorship if you don’t manage it while you train. Symptoms of diabetes-related musculoskeletal problems include muscle pain, joint pain or stiffness, lessened ability to move your joints, joint swelling, deformities, and a “pins and needles” sensation in the arms or legs. Muscle pain and other statin side effects Taking a statin may give you some assurance that you're doing all you can to avoid heart attack and stroke, but you may also experience side effects. Hi, I am type 2, diagnosed before Xmas. Symptoms are commonly pain, redness and swelling at the specific tendons—symptoms also include restricted and painful movement of the joint. Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Trust: "Joint, Muscle and Bone Problems Associated with Diabetes." One of the most common complaints of people taking statins is muscle pain. Diabetes can lead to a variety of complications. Joint and Muscle Problems Associated with Diabetes Joint and Muscle Problems Associated with Diabetes. Osteoarthritis. Experts say that a combination of strength training exercises and proper nutrition can help you build muscle mass even if you have diabetes. Before you begin a new exercise program or diet, talk to your doctor to make sure the … Hence, never hesitate to inform your doctor about experiencing a pain in your muscles and get your prescriptions changed to those which suit your body better. The differential diagnosis includes focal or systemic myositis, localised abscess, haematoma, deep venous thrombosis, osteomyelitis, and a muscle tumour (sarcoma or lymphoma). Diabetic muscle infarction is a rare cause of acute severe muscle pain in patients with diabetes mellitus. This website is for informational purposes only. home/can diabetes cause muscle pain article. It affects the thighs, hips, buttocks and legs, causing pain and muscle wasting. All of these conditions can result in pain, cramping, achiness and swelling in the calves and the lower leg, ankle and feet. Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur if you have diabetes. Hence, a deficiency of any of these minerals can lead to muscle weakness of the limbs and often leads to involuntary contractions of muscles or leg cramps that can be very painful. Muscle pain can also involve ligaments, tendons and soft tissues. Persons with longstanding diabetes mellitus can develop pain, and muscle twitching, in addition to muscle wasting of the muscles around the shoulders and hips (limb girdle wasting). Metformin is one such example but there could be other medications too that are responsible for causing muscle pains in diabetic patients. Muscular aches and pains may also be a sign of conditions affecting your body such as infections. When speaking of pain, it’s important to understand the difference between acute and chronic pain. It … When the muscles of the limbs are affected, the decreased blood flow can lead to cramping and to painful walking (peripheral vascular disease resulting in claudication). Answers from experts on muscle pain and diabetes. Diabetes develops when a person’s body does not make enough insulin to process sugars present in the blood. “Rest, time and ibuprofen (or similar medications) will treat this but won’t help pain from diabetes … One of the most common complications of diabetes is leg and foot pain. 2012-2018 © www.diabetestreatmentguide.org |, Most Important Causes Of Diabetes Neuropathy, 5 Major Causes Of Nerve Damage From Diabetes. Research suggests that painful peripheral neuropathy occurs in 1 out of every 4 people living with diabetes.4 In the worse case You may take a low dose of aspirin or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) like ibuprofen or naproxen to relieve the occasional headache or muscle pain. Muscle is known to be the primary site for the conversion of glucose to energy. In many cases, muscle cramps are infrequent and relatively harmless, but it’s important to recognize that other complications and conditions can be confused with muscle cramps. Please consult your health care provider before making any healthcare decisions. Diabetic muscle infarction is a rare cause of acute severe muscle pain in patients with diabetes mellitus. This pain may also occur at rest if the strain is severe enough. This can lead to inadequate nerve supply and further muscle wasting. Acute pain is what a person feels from an injury like a burn or a medical problem like an earache. Diabetic amyotrophy is a nerve disorder which is a complication of diabetes mellitus. Unfortunately, even if you consume sufficient amounts of vitamins and minerals, the excess sugar in the bloodstream hinders them from being delivered to the site of inflammation in the muscles. This causes numbness, tingling, burning sensation and muscle pain, thereby limiting the range of motion and making walking difficult in diabetic patients. Diabetic muscle infarction is a rare cause of acute severe muscle pain in patients with diabetes mellitus. Others also affect people without diabetes. Also, hyperglycemia promotes the excretion of these minerals in the urine, further aggravating muscular damage. Having a well-balanced diet is crucially important for diabetic patients, not only for controlling blood sugar levels but also for replenishing your body with the nutrients that are lost while undergoing treatment for diabetes. Patients with diabetes and neuropathy had lower muscle strength in the upper and lower leg than those with diabetes without neuropathy and healthy control participants. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. But she changed to animal insulin and not only felt better but the general stiffness and pain had disappeared. Leg pain and cramps often occur as a result of nerve damage called diabetic neuropathy. Shiny skin on the legs and loss of hair or slow hair growth. Without it, we would have to watch out all the time to keep from injuring or killing ourselves accidentally. Also, according to … Diabetic neuropathy is one of the potentially serious complications of diabetes. Studies show that diabetes may damage your muscles over time because of inflammation it causes in your body, but exercise can help reverse this damage. Muscle pain is a common condition where sore and aching muscles can be related to tension or stress, overuse, or muscle injury from exercise or physically demanding work. This can lead to a distressing condition, characterized by numbness and painful muscles in diabetic patients. Diabetes is associated with various health problems including decline in skeletal muscle mass. It can be chronic (long-term) or acute (short-term). If diabetes damages nerves in your arms or legs, its called diabetic peripheral neuropathy. But that ache in your foot or arm could also be a problem with a nerve caused by your diabetes. The many factors that lead to diabetic nerve pain . Nine subjects were nonneuropathic, 9 had asymptomatic neuropathy, and 12 had symptomatic neuropathy. Many people with diabetes also have arthritis, fibromyalgia (an arthritis-related illness that causes widespread muscle and joint pain and fatigue), or other painful conditions. A 2014 review found that 75.7% of the type 2 diabetics polled had experienced muscle cramps, while 57.7% of type 1 diabetics and 8-12% of … Tingling, prickling, burning and/or numbness. The differential diagnosis includes focal or systemic myositis, localised abscess, haematoma, deep venous thrombosis, osteomyelitis, and a muscle tumour (sarcoma or lymphoma). Laden with excess sugar, it takes longer for the blood to reach the inflamed … However, every individual’s body reacts differently to anti-diabetic medications, making it impossible to categorize medications on the basis of the adverse effects that they cause. Diabetes mellitus can also damage the nerves that supply the hands and feet. Change in the color of the legs – paleness, bluish tinge, dark red to purple and black patches. For reasons that aren’t entirely clear, diabetes can affect the musculoskeletal system, which includes the tendons, ligaments, and joints, as well as bones and muscles. Talk to your doctor about ways to relieve pain and move forward with your life more comfortably. Hence, it is important to stay vigilant and bear in mind the above mentioned causes, so as to adopt preventive measures for avoiding muscle painsassociated with diabetes. Excess amounts of glucose in the blood ruptures and damages the walls of the arteries, thus leading to the accumulation of fatty deposits in the arterial walls. Healthy lifestyle habits, losing weight, regular exercise, and maintaining proper blood glucose control can make a difference. Frequent leg pain can signal worsening diabetic neuropathy. An entire class of diabetes drugs can cause severe and disabling joint pain, the Food and Drug Administration cautioned patients on Friday. Muscle pain is a common condition where sore and aching muscles can be related to tension or stress, overuse, or muscle injury from exercise or physically demanding work. Diabetic muscle infarction is a rare cause of acute severe muscle pain in patients with diabetes mellitus. Muscular aches and pains may also be a sign of conditions affecting your body such as infections. "The more muscle mass you have, the more glucose you can dispose of in response to insulin," he says. affected by such atherosclerosis, it can lead to heart attack. It’s your body’s natural reaction to injury. In many cases, muscle cramps are infrequent and relatively harmless, but it’s important to recognize that other complications and conditions can be confused with muscle cramps. demonstrate elevated muscle enzymes (CPK, aldolase). How does diabetes mellitus affect the muscle? Muscle pain can also involve ligaments, tendons and soft tissues. The diVerential diagnosis includes focal or systemic myositis, localised abscess, haematoma, deep venous thrombosis, osteomyelitis, and a muscle tumour (sarcoma or lymphoma). This in turn, leads to a reduction in the volume of the muscles in the affected regions of the leg. Diabetes leg pain and any associated numbness is a sign that the circulation has been more heavily (negatively) affected, it is possible to reverse this with quick action, numbness usually means significant nerve fiber damage is occurring. Statins and muscle pain (myalgia) Statins are commonly prescribed for people with diabetes with high levels of cholesterol. Experts suggest that Chronic Kidney Disease and Diabetic patients may suffer muscle pain or weakness from complications such as endocrine (collection of glands) or thyroid disorders. This can lead to wasting of the muscle from disuse. List of 32 causes of Diabetes-like symptoms and Muscle pain, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more. “There may also be tenderness in the affected muscle and it may be swollen. While there are many symptoms of diabetes, those that are most painful include osteoarthritis, neuropathy, slow wound healing, and neuropathy. Diabetic Medicine: "Alterations of tendons in patients with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review." ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Researchers suggest that a person may experience muscle pain due to one of these causes or can have a multi-factorial predisposition to any of the factors mentioned above. Muscle cramps along with pain after physical activity of the legs. Diabetes can be a pain— especially when you are trying to build muscle and strength. Osteoarthritis is a joint disorder characterized by the breakdown of joint cartilage. Read more: Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment, Medication, Medically reviewed by John A. Daller, MD; American Board of Surgery with subspecialty certification in surgical critical care. In the majority of people with diabetes, muscle strength is preserved well enough to allow for modest physical activity under a doctor's supervision, This is not an excuse for someone with diabetes to refrain from physical activity! 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